[For the past several years, in anticipation of Election Day, I have posted some thoughts on how to vote as a Catholic. I've revised and updated one of those earlier posts, because the stakes in the current election are so high it is vital that we maintain a pro-life majority in our state Senate. An important point: the opinions I express here are mine, and do not in any way reflect an official position of the Archdiocese, nor should they be considered an endorsement of any candidate by the Archdiocese.]
Once again, Election Day approaches. At times like these, I am frequently asked how people can do the right thing as voters, as citizens, and as Catholics. As I understand the teachings of our Church, there are several critical questions involved here. The first is the formation of my conscience. Our bishops have said quite clearly that
Conscience is not something that allows us to justify doing whatever we want, nor is it a mere 'feeling' about what we should or should not do. Rather, conscience is the voice of God resounding in the human heart, revealing the truth to us and calling us to do what is good while shunning what is evil. Conscience always requires serious attempts to make sound moral judgments based on the truths of our faith. (Faithful Citizenship 17)
A good, Catholic conscience is obedient to the teachings of the Church, and open to hearing the voice of God. It considers God's will more important than any partisan interest that I may have. It always directs me to do good and avoid evil, and in the case of voting,
A well-formed Christian conscience does not permit one to vote for a political program or an individual law which contradicts the fundamental contents of faith and morals. (Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, The Participation of Catholics in Political Life 4)
Building on the proper formation of conscience, we can then turn to the issues and the candidates. One thing is crystal clear at this point: all the issues are not the same, and the defense of human life is the paramount issue for Catholics to consider. The teaching of our Church is clear: we must vote pro-life. As the United States Bishops have said,
The direct and intentional destruction of innocent human life from the moment of conception until natural death is always wrong and is not just one issue among many. It must always be opposed… This exercise of conscience begins with outright opposition to laws and other policies that violate human life or weaken its protection. (Faithful Citizenship 28, 31).
This means that in evaluating a candidate, we must consider, first and foremost, their position on the defense of human life. As the U.S. Bishops have said:
As Catholics we are not single-issue voters. A candidate's position on a single issue is not sufficient to guarantee a voter's support. Yet candidate's position on a single issue that involves an intrinsic evil, such as support for legal abortion or the promotion of racism, may legitimately lead a voter to disqualify a candidate from receiving support. (Faithful Citizenship 42)
Our New York Bishops have said the same:
The inalienable right to right of every innocent human person outweighs other concerns where Catholics may use prudential judgment, such as how best to meet the needs of the poor or to increase access to health care for all. (New York State Bishops, Our Cherished Right, Our Solemn Duty)
Cardinal Egan once framed the issue of who should hold public office in language as plain as possible:
Anyone who dares to defend that [an unborn child] may be legitimately killed because another human being 'chooses' to do so or for any other equally ridiculous reason should not be providing leadership in a civilized democracy worthy of the name.
This also means, of course, that we have to inform ourselves about where candidates stand on the issues. We can't just blunder around the voting booth with no information. And given the abundance of data available on the internet, it really doesn't take much effort to find out about the position of candidates. Just visit their websites, and see where they stand on abortion, "reproductive rights", "choice", and, in the case of New York State candidates, the "Reproductive Health Act" (which would greatly expand abortion in our state)
This is not to say that other issues are unimportant, or that they have no relevance to the defense of human life and dignity. As Cardinal Dolan put it in a recent blog, "drugs, war, unjust economic systems, crime, violence, oppression of people, family dysfunction, sexual harassment and abuse… all start from a degradation of the innate value of the divine gift of human life." But the Cardinal went on to say:
I make no apologies for prioritizing solicitude for the unborn. If we get that wrong, we're hardly credible on the other burning issues. If we allow the helpless life of the baby in the sanctuary of the mother's womb to be thrown away, it's tough to defend the lives of others who might be considered inconvenient or expendable.
Exactly right. So, from my perspective, this boils down to a very simple test that I try to adhere to, as best I can: If you think that killing unborn children should be legal, then I won't vote for you. You haven't earned my vote. In my opinion, you're not qualified to hold public office. I just won't vote for someone who will promote or permit grave evil. I don't subscribe to the principle of the "lesser of two evils". All that means is I'm voting for evil, and it still produces evil in the end. If there's nobody in a race that fits my standards, I'll leave the line blank or write in a name or vote for a minor party candidate
Now that doesn't mean that all you have to do to earn my vote is say you're pro-life. Being pro-life is necessary, but not sufficient. Being against abortion isn't enough for me to vote for a candidate who is morally unfit to hold office, or who is in favor of other policies that violate human dignity, like illegal warfare, the redefinition of marriage, destruction of families, racism, etc
When I pick up my ballot next Tuesday, I will see a stark choice between candidates who are pro-abortion, and others who are pro-life. In fact, the pro-abortion candidates are not just mouthing the old "personally opposed but " sham, but are instead ardent promoters and defenders of the legalized killing of unborn children, and they have strongly campaigned on the issue. If they are elected, there is a grave danger that the evil abortion expansion plan in the "Reproductive Health Act" will be pushed forward. I cannot see how I as a Catholic could vote for such persons. In my view, such persons should be stopped from holding any position of public trust or authority
So for me, the choice is easy I will vote only for candidates who understand that God's will is for every human life to be protected and welcomed. I invite other Catholics to do the same